WHO 유럽지부에서 낸 보고서
경제위기 이후 유럽 각국 정부가 재정 감축 압박에 대응하는 양상을 리뷰한 보고서
보건의료 시스템에 대한 공공지출, 보건의료 서비스의 적용 범위와 계획, 공공조달과 전달 체계 등 세가지 영역에서 주된 변화른 분석.
Economic crisis, health systems and health in Europe: country experiences
The financial and economic crisis has had a visible but varied impact on many health systems in Europe, eliciting a wide range of responses from governments faced with increased financial and other pressures. This book maps health system responses by country, providing a detailed analysis of policy changes in nine countries and shorter overviews of policy responses in 47 countries. It draws on a large study involving over one hundred health system experts and academic researchers across Europe.
Focusing on policy responses in three areas – public funding of the health system, health coverage and health service planning, purchasing and delivery – this book gives policymakers, researchers and others valuable, systematic information about national contexts of particular interest to them, ranging from countries operating under the fiscal and structural conditions of international bailout agreements to those that, while less severely affected by the crisis, still have had to operate in a climate of diminished public sector spending since 2008.
Along with a companion volume that analyses the impact of the crisis across countries, this book is part of a wider initiative to monitor the effects of the crisis on health systems and health, to identify those policies most likely to sustain the performance of health systems facing fiscal pressure and to gain insight into the political economy of implementing reforms in a crisis.