국제 알콜 정책 연대(Global Alcohol Policy Alliance (GAPA))의 활동을 개괄하고, 현재까지의 성과와 한계, 미래 방향을 제언
The global health network on alcohol control: successes and limits of evidence-based advocacy
Global efforts to address alcohol harm have significantly increased since the mid-1990s. By 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) had adopted the non-binding Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol. This study investigates the role of a global health network, anchored by the Global Alcohol Policy Alliance (GAPA), which has used scientific evidence on harm and effective interventions to advocate for greater global public health efforts to reduce alcohol harm. The study uses process-tracing methodology and expert interviews to evaluate the accomplishments and limitations of this network.
The study documents how network members have not only contributed to greater global awareness about alcohol harm, but also advanced a public health approach to addressing this issue at the global level. While the current network represents an expanding global coalition of like-minded individuals, it faces considerable challenges in advancing its cause towards successful implementation of effective alcohol control policies across many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The analysis reveals that a need to transform the network into a formal coalition of regional and national organizations that represent a broader variety of constituents, including the medical community, consumer groups, and development-focused non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Considering the growing harm of alcohol abuse in LMICs and the availability of proven and cost-effective public health interventions, alcohol control represents an excellent ‘buy’ for donors interested in addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Alcohol control has broad beneficial effects for human development, including promoting road safety, and reducing domestic violence and health care costs across a wide variety of illnesses caused by alcohol consumption.